‘…a life I could not read’: the significance of eucalypts in Australian culture

‘…a life I could not read’: the significance of eucalypts in Australian culture

I won’t be the last to say it, but it can be easy to forget our eucalypts. Growing up, I took the immense trees that my family were lucky enough to have in our garden and on our nature strip for granted. Some visitors still remark on these overpowering trees, but I never really stopped to admire them until I reached my early 20s, and realised how much nature was a part of who I am. These “eucs” feel like home to me, and it’s often not until we go away and come back that we recognise the significant place they hold in Australian landscapes and our hearts.

Nowadays, I envy those properties with even one beautiful euc standing proudly resolute in the front garden or sentry on the nature strip. I wonder whether the residents admire it each day amongst the hustle and bustle of work, kids, housework; if they understand not just the ecological value of such a plant, but the cultural value of it too. The question that returns to me time and time again as I pass these properties is this: do these people even appreciate our eucs?

Sure, it’s easy for someone like me – a nature lover and now, finally, a self-confessed euc lover – to ask this condescending question. But it’s also easy for me to demonstrate how entrenched these trees are in Australian culture, and that as well as kangaroos, barbeques, beer and red dirt, eucalypts are an archetypal part of the Aussie lifestyle, not just in the physical realm of nature but in the cultural world of books, art and song. So, a better question would be, why wouldn’t people appreciate them?

Without a doubt, the work of Albert Namatjira is a stand-out for art and nature lovers alike. There are really no comparable artworks to Namatjira’s famous depictions of the iconic red, orange and grey-green tones of Central Australian landscapes. The eucalypt often takes pride of place in his pieces, and you’d be hard-pressed to find any other artist capable of portraying the dominant yet naturally cohesive presence of eucalypts in the Australian environment. Leaving behind an extraordinary cultural legacy, his work demonstrates a unique balance between the foreground and background of natural landscapes. Whilst geological features are highlighted in the background, stunning Ghost Gums usually dominate the foreground of his watercolours.

Tragically, the Twin Ghost Gums often depicted in Namatjira’s work were destroyed by fire in 2013, representing both a spiritual and cultural loss for the Western Aranda people. Although these striking eucalypts can still be admired through the incredible lens of Namatjira’s artistic talent, there is unfortunately no bringing back these significant trees. You can view some of Namatjira’s extraordinary work at the National Gallery of Australia.

Albert Namatjira photographed while stopping off to refuel his car for a trip to Alice Springs. Image: National Library of Australia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Frederick McCubbin’s work was also some of the first Australian nature-based art that I truly appreciated. The Pioneer (1904) is one of my favourite triptychs to admire at the National Gallery of Victoria, depicting the confronting reality of making a home in an unforgiving bushland dominated by eucalypts. The striking thing about McCubbin’s work is the way he intertwines stories of human figures with very non-human landscapes, demonstrating the intrusive ways in which European settlers took possession of Australian habitats, as well as the ways in which it took possession of them.

Another of McCubbin’s most well-known pieces, Lost (1886), arguably achieves the latter, exploring the manner in which eucalypt-clad bush can take hold of a person – especially one not at home in such a merciless environment. Many children have been lost in the bush over the years, and seeing this painting as a child myself, it has stayed with me as an example of how nature can invoke tragedy just as much as it summons relief.

One of Frederick McCubbin’s most well-known works, The Pioneer can be viewed in Melbourne’s NGV. Image: Frederick McCubbin [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Of course, I couldn’t speak of the cultural influence of eucalypts without referring to the timeless tales of Snugglepot and Cuddlepie by May Gibbs. Indeed, without eucalypts, would these stories even exist? The appearances of these small, fairy-like creatures are modelled on Eucalyptus nuts and flowers, proving that these gumnut babies are as much a part of the Australian environment as it is a part of them. Gibbs’ enduring tales take centre-stage in the theatre of Australian children’s literature, demonstrating just how integral eucalypts are in the stories we tell our children, and ourselves.

The adventures of these fantastical characters often see them face off with the villainous ‘Banksia Men’, whilst the surrounding scenery is said to be based on the Western Australian bushland where Gibbs played during her childhood. It isn’t difficult to see how influential her work has been within the Australian arts, with both a ballet and musical having been adapted based on her work.

May Gibbs’ stories of the gumnut babies are some of the most iconic works of Australian children’s literature. Image: State Library of New South Wales from Australia [No restrictions], via Wikimedia Commons
Finally, poetry too is a medium that reveals much about the human relationship with eucalypts. It is an important way for both poets and their readers to meaningfully engage with the subject of plant life. Judith Wright’s ‘Scribbly-Gum’ is an example of this – a brief but profound poem that works the idea of the non-human into our perception of the botanical. Wright represents the ‘scribbles’ of a Scribbly Gum as a story being told, but the story ‘of a life I could not read’, asking what do these organisms communicate to us, the observers of nature and all that it embodies? Humans can admire, climb, paint, photograph, and chop down trees, but it’s possible that we will never sincerely understand them.

This poem evokes so much in its few lines that is particular to National Eucalypt Day – we celebrate eucalypts so that we might better understand them, and yet there will always be that lingering feeling that although we may appreciate and study them, we will never truly stand in their roots. As someone whose interest in nature grew out of an affinity for animals, it has been, and still is, an interesting journey to now accommodate the lives of plants – in particular, our iconic eucs – into my dialogue with the natural world.

Some may view them simply as vegetation – either an aesthetic element of the landscape or a habitat for animals to utilise – but as shown by words and paint, they are so much more. The question is, where do we draw the line? Will some elements of our eucalypts always remain misunderstood? This, more than anything else, is what I believe makes the admiration of these trees such a transcendent experience – we can know this part of Australian nature both scientifically and culturally, but can we understand it?


Banner image courtesy of MayumiKataoka (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.

Rachel Fetherston

Rachel Fetherston is currently a PhD candidate at Deakin University investigating the impact of Australian ecofiction on readers' environmental attitudes and behaviours. She is also a freelance writer and the publications manager at Remember The Wild.

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